Besson specializes in making brass instruments. Some specific instruments that it builds are cornets, tenor horns, baritones, euphoniums and tubas. It has a range of different cornets, including the B-flat cornet and the E-flat soprano cornet. It also makes a range of tubas, including the E-flat tuba and the CC tuba.
The Besson brand was created in Paris in 1837, when Gustave-Auguste Besson revolutionized the concept of the cornet. By the end of the 19th century, the Besson factory of London was producing 100 brass instruments a week, and thousands of musical ensembles were on its contact lists. Over time, Besson became a well-regarded manufacturer of its instruments: the euphoniums, cornets, horns, baritones, trombones and tubas. Besson's instruments are known for their high quality. Each instrument is tested by a professional player.
Besson is also now connected to the Buffet Crampon group after the group, which is a leader in making professional-level clarinets, acquired Besson in 2006. After joining the group, Besson restructured and then relaunched its production of professional instruments in Germany and France. Besson's professional instruments continue to be manufactured in Europe, while student instruments are manufactured in India. Buffet Crampon is able to add acoustic and technical talent to the manufacture of instruments.