Saxophones produce sound by using the player's flow of air and creating an oscillating motion with the reed acting as an oscillating valve. The reed and the resonances that are present within the air inside of the instrument produces a vibrating and radiating sound out of the holes as well as the belly of the instrument.
The reed is an important part of the saxophone when it comes to the sound of the saxophone as it helps to determine the pitch and frequency of the sound. The saxophone reed must be springy and bendable in order to be used. However, this can cause problems for players when it creates a squeaky sound. The reed vibration and the air flow within the saxophone work together to create sound and are interconnected.
The saxophone was invented by Adolphe Sax and is named after him. Adolphe was an instrument maker after his father and learned quickly how to build instruments with immense skill. By the time that he was 20, Adolphe had already fabricated a clarinet out of ivory, fabricated two flutes out of ivory, and created an entirely new fingering system for the clarinet. He also had rebuilt and re-imagined the bass clarinet. He is also thought by many to be the inventor of what is now known as the modern trumpet. He created the first working model of the saxophone in 1841.