Some rare German coins include the Martin Lutehr 5 Rechsmark, Goethe 5 Reichsmark, and 50 Reichspfennig of 1924 and 195. Early German gold and silver coins are also valuable, especially those minted before 1871 and 1900 respectively. Older gold coins are distinguished as ducat, gulden, krone or thaler instead of by numeral denominations.
Although not the most valuable, one of the rarest German coins is the Martin Luther 4 Reichsmark, minted during Hitler's regime. Very few were actually created. The German Weimar Republic minted the 50 Reichspfennig in 1924 and 1925. These particular coins were only made of aluminum-bronze, but the value, sometimes upwards of thousands of dollars, is due to the small number made by a government only in place for 15 years between 1918 and 1933. The most valuable 50 Reichspfennig coins are those marked 1923J. The German Weimar Republic issued the Goethe 5 Reichsmark coin in 1932 to celebrate the famous "Faust" author, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
Some other rare and valuable coins include the silver 2, 3 and 5 marks of 1871, German silver thaler of the early 1900s, and the Commemorative 5 mark Issues of 1952 through 1964. Each of these coins was issued by a different German government. The German Empire issued the silver 2, 3 and 5 marks of the late 1800s, while the German State of Bavaria minted the silver thaler in the early 1900s. The Commemorative 5 marks between 1952 and 1964, featuring the Nurnberg Museum and Ludwig von Baden, were issued by the Federal Republich of Germany.