Polyurethane, or PU, coated leather is split hide leather that is bonded and covered with a polyurethane coat, and then embossed with grain patterns to simulate the appearance of top grain leather. PU is also known as bicast leather and split hide leather.Know More
PU coated leather is a cheaper alternative to top grain and aniline leather. This material is used mostly for glossy shoes and for furniture upholstery. While purists may scoff at PU coated leathers as being mere faux leather, it does simulate the look and feel of natural top grain or aniline leather to a certain extent, it is easier to clean and it is available in different colors. However, PU coated leather does not become supple and develop a patina over time just like a top grain leather and it is susceptible to cracking, sometimes as early as a few months.
Split leather are essentially a by-product of leather manufacturing. The skin of a cow is removed in a single layer in a slaughterhouse and is then taken to a tannery for processing. The outer layer, which will eventually become aniline or top grain leather, is shaved off, leaving the inner layers behind. These inner layers are called split hides, and to make them useful, they are coated with a layer of polyurethane. The resulting material is then used for affordable handbags, belts, shoes and furniture upholstery.Learn more about Sewing
The difference between real leather and bonded leather is that genuine leather is made from whole pieces of animal hide and bonded leather is made from leftover pieces of an animal hide blended together. Bonded leather is also called reconstituted leather or vinyl. Genuine leather is more expensive than bonded leather and feels harder to the touch. Bonded leather is often coated and polished to make it appear similar to a genuine leather hide.Full Answer >
Pig Nappa is leather made from the upper side of a pig hide. Pig Nappa is a fine, strong leather that is distinguished by the small holes that can be seen along its surface.Full Answer >
Nubuck leather and suede leather are different from one another in that leather workers create nubuck from the full grain side of the hide, which is the outer part, while they produce suede from the splits, or the lower part of the skin. Nubuck has a velvet-like surface because leather workers texturize the grain side through sanding or buffing. Nubuck is more resistant to wear than suede leather due to the nap of protein fibers this process creates.Full Answer >
Man-made leather is a synthetic fabric or synthetic leather made from polyvinyl chloride or from polyurethane. This material is also referred to as faux leather or leatherette. It is chemically treated to resemble real leather.Full Answer >