One of the earliest patterns created by Josiah Spode I, the founder of the Spode Company, is a printed "Willow" pattern, which appears on Spode china from in the late 1780s and 1790s. As transfer printing techniques were improved in the in the early 1800s, Spode developed one of its most renown patterns, "Italian," which continues to be produced widely today, as of 2015. Another notable early Spode pattern is #282, "The Tree of Life." Released before 1800, this pattern is based on a Japanese Kakiemon original.
Early Spode pattern books show more than 5,000 patterns created before the mid-19th century. Other well-known patterns include "candlelight patterns" that were heavily influenced by Japanese Imari designs, and are lavishly gilded, resulting a distinctive flickering effect. Spode's "Girl at the Well" pattern was introduced in 1823. This pattern was widely popular and has been copied by several other manufacturers. Examples of the "Tumbledown Dick" pattern, also from 1823, are commonly seen on earthenware plates. Spode produced 16 variations of this pattern.
China produced by Spode from 1833 through 1966 is known as Copeland Period china. China from this period bears the mark "Copeland & Garrett," indicating the names of the company's owners who acquired and managed the business during this era.