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# How much does one penny weigh?

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United States pennies minted after 1982 weigh 2.5 grams, or 0.088 ounces. These pennies are 2.5 percent copper and 97.5 percent zinc. Before 1982, pennies weighed 3.11 grams, or 0.110 ounces. They were 95 percent copper and 5 percent zinc, which is a form of bronze.

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During 1982, the U.S. Mint issued pennies of both compositions, and both 2.5-gram and 3.11-gram pennies can be found in circulation. The weight of the penny also changed in 1943. Because of a scarcity of copper, pennies were minted from zinc-coated steel. These weighed 2.7 grams, or 0.095 ounces. Other small changes in design and metal composition have been made over the last hundred years, but they have not changed the weight of the coin except as already described.

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## Related Questions

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The 1943 copper-alloy cent is rare because, due to rationing for World War II, the vast majority of pennies struck that year were made of zinc-coated steel. The American Numismatic Association reports less than 50 of the 1943 copper-alloy cents are known to exist, according to the U.S. Mint.

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An interesting fact about the penny is that the face value of one penny is less than what it costs to produce that one penny. It costs about 1.8 cents to produce a single penny. In 2011, the U.S. Mint spent \$134 million to produce \$80 million in pennies.

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A 1944 D penny features the Lincoln wheat penny design and was minted in 1944 at the Denver mint facility. The D is the coin's mint mark, which indicates the production site. A 1944 D penny may be worth between 15 cents and \$6, as of 2014.