Machine quilting patterns include straight line, free-motion loops, shadow quilting and stitch in the ditch. Each of these patterns allows a quilter to use basic stitches and techniques to finish a quilt and express quilting creativity.
Straight line quilting involves stitching from one end of the quilt to the other, either vertically, horizontally or diagonally. Each set of stitches should be parallel, though it is acceptable to use one, two or all three directions of stitches.
Free-motion loops are a freehand method of quilting. They can either be stitched freehand or follow premarked loop lines.
Shadow quilting follows the lines of patterns in the quilt to highlight the edges of a pattern, whether it be a circle, square, starburst or other pattern.
Stitch-in-the-ditch designs are stitches placed parallel to the seams in the quilt. This type of stitch shows more on the back of the quilt than on the front.