Eadweard Muybridge is often called the "father of motion picture" for his work and is credited for laying the foundations of the modern cinema, according to Biography. He produced the world's first motion picture and, in 1882, held the first public screening of a motion picture.
Muybridge was a professional photographer with an interest in high-speed and rapid photography. After producing "Horse in Motion," the first motion picture, Muybridge developed the zoopraxiscope, a device that made it possible to project images onto a screen. In 1882, his invention was first demonstrated to the public in an event that marked the beginning of cinema, according to Wild Film History.