The first cello was produced by Andrea Amati of Cremona, Italy in the middle of the 16th century, according to The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Amati was a luthier in the violin family, crafting violins, violas and violoncellos, also known as cellos.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art describes Amati's instruments as having an elegant line with a delicacy and lightness that are unique to his craftsmanship. The Baroque composers Bach and Vivaldi both composed solo violoncello pieces, which helped the instrument achieve acceptance and importance. Eight of Amati's instruments were painted with the coat of arms of Charles IX of France.