Three common hand-quilting stitches are the basting stitch, running stitch and appliqué stitch. Basting stitches are loose, temporary stitches that keep the layers of fabric in place while a project is quilted. To create a basting stitch, thread a needle, and tie a knot at one end. Insert the needle into the fabric, pull it all the way through to the other side, and bring it back up through the fabric.
A running stitch is a decorative stitch used to quilt fabric and batting together. To complete a running stitch, thread a needle, and bring it up from the bottom of the fabric. Insert the needle into the top of the quilt, and push it in and out of the fabric, catching tiny amounts of both the bottom and top layers with the needle as you go. Once the needle is full, pull it all the way through the layers until the thread is taut, and repeat from the beginning.
The appliqué stitch is a more advanced hand-quilting technique used to attach decorative fabric shapes to a background fabric. To execute an appliqué stitch, thread a needle, create a small knot at one end, and bring the needle up from the bottom of the background material. Push the needle up through the appliqué fabric, as close to the folded edge as possible, and return the needle back down through the fabric, creating a tiny stitch. Bring the needle back up through both layers again to begin the next stitch. The stitches should be less than 1/4 inch apart.