Musical Instruments

A:

Most flutes have 16 key openings to cover an equal-tempered octave. Many modern flutes can reach a range of three octaves with anywhere from 16 to 20 openings to play.

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  • What materials are used to make a trombone?

    Q: What materials are used to make a trombone?

    A: Though the trombone is known as a brass instrument, brass is not always used in its manufacture; in fact, different models of trombones use different materials in the manufacturing process, including plastic and metals, such as brass, silver and nickel. Brass itself is a metal alloy combination of copper and zinc. Yellow brass, which is 70 percent copper and 30 percent zinc, is the most common metal used to manufacture trombones and gives the instrument its characteristic warm metallic color, but other types of brass such as rose brass and red brass, which each use higher levels of copper than zinc, can also be used.
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  • How many white keys are on a piano?

    Q: How many white keys are on a piano?

    A: The standard piano has 52 white keys. It also has 36 black keys for a total of 88 keys. The average piano has 220 strings, but that number tends to vary from instrument to instrument.
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  • How many notes are there on a piano?

    Q: How many notes are there on a piano?

    A: The modern standard-sized piano has 88 keys, which equals 88 notes and covers a range of seven octaves plus a minor third. A few pianos are specially made with an extend bass range, such as the Imperial Bosendorfer, which has 97 keys and covers a range of eight full octaves.
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  • How much does a cello weigh?

    Q: How much does a cello weigh?

    A: The weight of a cello is determined by factors such as the density of the wood, the thickness of the wood and the type of other materials used in its construction. A sampling of different celli can show a variance of between 2600 and 3500 grams.
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  • What is a glockenspiel made of?

    Q: What is a glockenspiel made of?

    A: A glockenspiel is made out of metal. This is in contrast to the very similar instrument called a xylophone, which is made out of wood.
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  • What is the history of the guitar?

    Q: What is the history of the guitar?

    A: Different forms of the guitar date back over 3,000 years. Though no civilization has been credited with the development of the instrument, historians have found carvings of an instrument resembling the guitar done by the Hittites.
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  • How many strings does a guitar have?

    Q: How many strings does a guitar have?

    A: A classical acoustic guitar has six strings. There are variations in guitar configurations for creating different sounds, including the electric four-string bass guitar and the 12-string guitar that is played like a six-string but with two strings per note.
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  • Who invented the oboe?

    Q: Who invented the oboe?

    A: Jean Hotteterre and Michel Danican Philidor invented the oboe by modifying the double-reeded shawm in the 17th century. The oboe originated in France, becoming established through its use at the court of Louis XIV. Variations in design developed in different countries during the 1800s and persist to this day.
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  • How do you play the bagpipes?

    Q: How do you play the bagpipes?

    A: To play the bagpipes, a musician blows air into the pipe. The musician needs a lot of lung power to fill the bag with air and maintain it. With bellows-blown bagpipes, the musician plays different notes by using the finger holes and moving the bellows with the arms. With mouth-blown bagpipes, the musician plays a melody by making different fingerings on the chanter.
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  • Who invented the first cello?

    Q: Who invented the first cello?

    A: The first cello was produced by Andrea Amati of Cremona, Italy in the middle of the 16th century, according to The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Amati was a luthier in the violin family, crafting violins, violas and violoncellos, also known as cellos.
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  • How are clarinets made?

    Q: How are clarinets made?

    A: Clarinets are made from African blackwood that is dried, sawed and fashioned into the clarinet body before being hollowed out, drilled with holes and then fashioned with keys. The keys of the clarinet, which are made of die-cast metal, are then attached to the clarinet.
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  • What are some interesting facts about the violin?

    Q: What are some interesting facts about the violin?

    A: Some interesting facts about violins are that the modern violin contains over 70 separate pieces of wood and the world's smallest violin is 37 millimeters long. Additionally, playing the violin burns approximately 170 calories an hour and most violins are made from maple or spruce.
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  • How long does it take to learn the piano?

    Q: How long does it take to learn the piano?

    A: The time it takes to learn the piano differs from one person to another. Factors that tend to play a role in the difference include the time dedicated to studying and practicing the piano, the age of the learner, experience of the teacher, the learner's passion and their natural abilities.
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  • What are some examples of double-reed instruments?

    Q: What are some examples of double-reed instruments?

    A: In the modern Western musical tradition, there are two main families of double-reed woodwind instruments: oboes and bassoons. Both of these families consist of a number of different instruments, such as the contraforte, contrabassoon, piccolo oboe, the cor anglais or English horn and the bass oboe.
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  • What is the largest brass instrument?

    Q: What is the largest brass instrument?

    A: The largest brass instrument is the tuba. It is also the lowest in pitch. Because of its low tone, the tuba serves as the bass in the brass section of orchestras and other musical groups.
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  • Who invented the xylophone?

    Q: Who invented the xylophone?

    A: There's no specific person who has been identified as the inventor of the xylophone. Xylophones can be traced back to being invented in both Asia and Africa. A little evidence suggests that the instrument originated in Indonesia; however, most experts disregard the evidence.
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  • How big is a full-sized acoustic guitar?

    Q: How big is a full-sized acoustic guitar?

    A: A full-sized acoustic guitar is 40 to 42 inches in length. A full-sized guitar is also referred to as a "4/4," with the smaller sizes being three-quarter, one-half and one-quarter.
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  • What are some instruments traditionally used in Mexico?

    Q: What are some instruments traditionally used in Mexico?

    A: According to the Los Cenzontles Cultural Arts Academy, instruments traditionally used in Mexico include string instruments that resemble guitars, such as the jarana, huapanguera, vihuela, guitarron, Quinta de golpe, tololoche and guitarra de son. Many of these come in a variety of sizes. Other instruments traditionally used in Mexico include a harp-like instrument called the arpa and percussive instruments, such as the quijada and zapateado.
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  • How do tuning forks work?

    Q: How do tuning forks work?

    A: Tuning forks are manufactured to vibrate at specific frequencies. According to The Physics Classroom, when a fork’s tines stretch after being struck, they compress air molecules into a small space and then release them as the tines return to their original positions. These areas of compression and refraction form a sound wave that transmits the pitch of the tuning fork through the air or through a solid, such as wood.
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  • What kind of paint should you use on your guitar?

    Q: What kind of paint should you use on your guitar?

    A: Nitrocellulose lacquer is the primary recommended paint for painting a guitar outside of a professional factory. While some professional guitar paint shops use large sprayers, small aerosol cans of specialty paint may be used by amateurs at home.
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  • What are Castilla guitars?

    Q: What are Castilla guitars?

    A: Castilla guitars were economical guitars manufactured in China in the 1970s for C. Bruno & Sons, a musical instrument distribution company owned by KMC Music, Incorporated. Most of the Castilla guitars featured nylon strings and basic, no-frills designs manufactured with inexpensive materials.
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