Musical Instruments

A:

According to The Music Trades website's industry census of the United States guitar market, between 2005 and 2013 anywhere between 1.6 million to 2.5 million guitars were sold each year. In 2013, around 2,472,000 guitars were sold at an average price of $433 each.

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  • What are piano keys made from?

    Q: What are piano keys made from?

    A: The black and white keys of the piano are made of wood covered with veneer. Most pianos that were made before 1960 have white keys with thin ivory tops. The black keys are traditionally made with ebony.
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  • In what year was the banjo invented?

    Q: In what year was the banjo invented?

    A: No one is exactly sure when the banjo was invented, but its earliest mention was in 1620. Banjos are thought to have been invented by African slaves.
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  • How do wind instruments make sound?

    Q: How do wind instruments make sound?

    A: Wind instruments produce sound through vibrations created by a user's breath as it travels through the instruments' tubes. A person's breath causes the air molecules within a tube to collide and create sound waves. The notes and pitches produced by wind instruments are determined by how strongly a musician blows into the tubes, and each instrument's unique sound is determined by its characteristic shape.
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  • Who invented the first cello?

    Q: Who invented the first cello?

    A: The first cello was produced by Andrea Amati of Cremona, Italy in the middle of the 16th century, according to The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Amati was a luthier in the violin family, crafting violins, violas and violoncellos, also known as cellos.
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  • How do you play the bagpipes?

    Q: How do you play the bagpipes?

    A: To play the bagpipes, a musician blows air into the pipe. The musician needs a lot of lung power to fill the bag with air and maintain it. With bellows-blown bagpipes, the musician plays different notes by using the finger holes and moving the bellows with the arms. With mouth-blown bagpipes, the musician plays a melody by making different fingerings on the chanter.
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  • How long is a trumpet?

    Q: How long is a trumpet?

    A: The length of a standard B-flat trumpet is about 19.5 inches with a variance of no greater than a half inch. The total length of the tubing, were it to be extended, is approximately 54 inches. It is bent into curves to accommodate all the extra length.
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  • How does a trumpet produce sound?

    Q: How does a trumpet produce sound?

    A: A trumpet makes sound when the musician makes a buzzing sound while blowing air through closed lips and into the mouthpiece. The air causes a standing wave vibration in the air column inside of the trumpet, which travels down the instrument and is then manipulated by the pressing of the keys.
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  • Who invented the xylophone?

    Q: Who invented the xylophone?

    A: There's no specific person who has been identified as the inventor of the xylophone. Xylophones can be traced back to being invented in both Asia and Africa. A little evidence suggests that the instrument originated in Indonesia; however, most experts disregard the evidence.
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  • Who invented the oboe?

    Q: Who invented the oboe?

    A: Jean Hotteterre and Michel Danican Philidor invented the oboe by modifying the double-reeded shawm in the 17th century. The oboe originated in France, becoming established through its use at the court of Louis XIV. Variations in design developed in different countries during the 1800s and persist to this day.
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  • Where was the violin invented?

    Q: Where was the violin invented?

    A: The violin was invented in Italy in the 16th century. The violin is descended from medieval stringed instruments, such as the rebec and the vielle. Another progenitor is the Renaissance instrument called the lira da braccio.
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  • What are some examples of double-reed instruments?

    Q: What are some examples of double-reed instruments?

    A: In the modern Western musical tradition, there are two main families of double-reed woodwind instruments: oboes and bassoons. Both of these families consist of a number of different instruments, such as the contraforte, contrabassoon, piccolo oboe, the cor anglais or English horn and the bass oboe.
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  • What is the difference between a ukulele and a guitar?

    Q: What is the difference between a ukulele and a guitar?

    A: Some differences between a ukulele and a guitar are in their number of strings, size, chord setup, different types and origin. Although both are stringed instruments, the number of strings for a guitar is six and a ukulele has four. Guitars can have nylon or steel strings, but ukuleles usually have nylon strings.
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  • What are some interesting facts about the violin?

    Q: What are some interesting facts about the violin?

    A: Some interesting facts about violins are that the modern violin contains over 70 separate pieces of wood and the world's smallest violin is 37 millimeters long. Additionally, playing the violin burns approximately 170 calories an hour and most violins are made from maple or spruce.
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  • How are clarinets made?

    Q: How are clarinets made?

    A: Clarinets are made from African blackwood that is dried, sawed and fashioned into the clarinet body before being hollowed out, drilled with holes and then fashioned with keys. The keys of the clarinet, which are made of die-cast metal, are then attached to the clarinet.
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  • What are some instruments traditionally used in Mexico?

    Q: What are some instruments traditionally used in Mexico?

    A: According to the Los Cenzontles Cultural Arts Academy, instruments traditionally used in Mexico include string instruments that resemble guitars, such as the jarana, huapanguera, vihuela, guitarron, Quinta de golpe, tololoche and guitarra de son. Many of these come in a variety of sizes. Other instruments traditionally used in Mexico include a harp-like instrument called the arpa and percussive instruments, such as the quijada and zapateado.
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  • What kind of paint should you use on your guitar?

    Q: What kind of paint should you use on your guitar?

    A: Nitrocellulose lacquer is the primary recommended paint for painting a guitar outside of a professional factory. While some professional guitar paint shops use large sprayers, small aerosol cans of specialty paint may be used by amateurs at home.
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  • How much does a tuba weigh?

    Q: How much does a tuba weigh?

    A: A typical full-size orchestral tuba weighs 25 to 35 pounds. The player does not need to hold up the heavy instrument without assistance. The chair the musician sits in supports the tuba's weight.
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  • How much does a grand piano weigh?

    Q: How much does a grand piano weigh?

    A: A grand piano can weigh anywhere from 500 pounds for an apartment-size piano to 1,300 pounds for a full-sized piano used in concert halls. Most of the weight is from a large cast-iron frame, or "harp", that keeps the strings under tension.
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  • How can you make your own vuvuzela?

    Q: How can you make your own vuvuzela?

    A: A homemade vuvuzela may be created using a cheap plastic baseball bat, the plastic portion of an inexpensive Fourth of July party horn, scissors, a plastic cup with the bottom cut off and colored electrical tape. All of these items may be purchased at a local dollar or thrift store.
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  • What are maracas?

    Q: What are maracas?

    A: Maracas, sometimes referred to as rumba shakers, are percussion instruments traditionally made out of a hollow gourd and filled with pebbles, beans, seeds, beads or other, similar, objects.
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  • How much does a cello weigh?

    Q: How much does a cello weigh?

    A: The weight of a cello is determined by factors such as the density of the wood, the thickness of the wood and the type of other materials used in its construction. A sampling of different celli can show a variance of between 2600 and 3500 grams.
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