Musical Instruments

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A full-sized acoustic guitar is 40 to 42 inches in length. A full-sized guitar is also referred to as a "4/4," with the smaller sizes being three-quarter, one-half and one-quarter.

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  • How do wind instruments make sound?

    Q: How do wind instruments make sound?

    A: Wind instruments produce sound through vibrations created by a user's breath as it travels through the instruments' tubes. A person's breath causes the air molecules within a tube to collide and create sound waves. The notes and pitches produced by wind instruments are determined by how strongly a musician blows into the tubes, and each instrument's unique sound is determined by its characteristic shape.
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  • What are Castilla guitars?

    Q: What are Castilla guitars?

    A: Castilla guitars were economical guitars manufactured in China in the 1970s for C. Bruno & Sons, a musical instrument distribution company owned by KMC Music, Incorporated. Most of the Castilla guitars featured nylon strings and basic, no-frills designs manufactured with inexpensive materials.
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  • How do you build your own bamboo flute?

    Q: How do you build your own bamboo flute?

    A: Make a bamboo flute by burning holes in a bamboo rod and sealing it with linseed oil. The supplies you need are a bamboo fishing pole, a hacksaw, fine sandpaper, a 1/2-inch diameter steel rod, a butane torch, a permanent marker, an oven mitt, a 1/4-inch drill bit, vise-grip pliers, linseed oil and a clean rag. This project takes about 40 minutes.
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  • How do you play the G chord on a guitar?

    Q: How do you play the G chord on a guitar?

    A: To play the G major chord on a guitar, place your index finger on the second fret of the fifth string. Place your middle finger on the third fret of the sixth string. Place your ring finger on the third fret of the first string, and strum all the strings.
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  • What are examples of woodwind instruments?

    Q: What are examples of woodwind instruments?

    A: Examples of woodwind instruments are bassoons, piccolos, flutes, clarinets, oboes, panpipes, recorders, flageolets and shawms. They get their name because they are aerophones, which make music through the vibration of air or wind and because they all used to be made of wood. In modern times, they can be made out of many materials, but they're still referred to as woodwinds.
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  • In what year was the banjo invented?

    Q: In what year was the banjo invented?

    A: No one is exactly sure when the banjo was invented, but its earliest mention was in 1620. Banjos are thought to have been invented by African slaves.
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  • Who invented the oboe?

    Q: Who invented the oboe?

    A: Jean Hotteterre and Michel Danican Philidor invented the oboe by modifying the double-reeded shawm in the 17th century. The oboe originated in France, becoming established through its use at the court of Louis XIV. Variations in design developed in different countries during the 1800s and persist to this day.
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  • How many guitars are sold a year?

    Q: How many guitars are sold a year?

    A: According to The Music Trades website's industry census of the United States guitar market, between 2005 and 2013 anywhere between 1.6 million to 2.5 million guitars were sold each year. In 2013, around 2,472,000 guitars were sold at an average price of $433 each.
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  • What is the difference between a ukulele and a guitar?

    Q: What is the difference between a ukulele and a guitar?

    A: Some differences between a ukulele and a guitar are in their number of strings, size, chord setup, different types and origin. Although both are stringed instruments, the number of strings for a guitar is six and a ukulele has four. Guitars can have nylon or steel strings, but ukuleles usually have nylon strings.
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  • What is the largest brass instrument?

    Q: What is the largest brass instrument?

    A: The largest brass instrument is the tuba. It is also the lowest in pitch. Because of its low tone, the tuba serves as the bass in the brass section of orchestras and other musical groups.
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  • Where was the piano invented?

    Q: Where was the piano invented?

    A: Bartolomeo Cristofori invented the first piano in Florence, Italy, in 1700. The first piano was a simple keyboard, but Cristofori experimented with the design over the years. By the 1730s, elite Europeans purchased and played pianos.
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  • How many inches is a full size guitar?

    Q: How many inches is a full size guitar?

    A: A grand concert guitar measures 19 3/8 inches long, 4 3/4 inches deep and 8 3/8 inches wide at the waist, according to CB Guitars. An auditorium-size guitar measures the same length, but is 4 1/8 inches deep and 9 3/16 inches wide at the waist.
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  • What is the history of the guitar?

    Q: What is the history of the guitar?

    A: Different forms of the guitar date back over 3,000 years. Though no civilization has been credited with the development of the instrument, historians have found carvings of an instrument resembling the guitar done by the Hittites.
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  • How much does a tuba weigh?

    Q: How much does a tuba weigh?

    A: A typical full-size orchestral tuba weighs 25 to 35 pounds. The player does not need to hold up the heavy instrument without assistance. The chair the musician sits in supports the tuba's weight.
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  • Who invented the clarinet?

    Q: Who invented the clarinet?

    A: Johann Christoper Denner is credited with inventing the clarinet. Basic instruments resembling the clarinet, however, date back to Ancient Greece.
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  • How does the piano produce sound?

    Q: How does the piano produce sound?

    A: The notes produced on a piano are the result of at least one string being struck with a small hammer. The strings vibrate at different frequencies to produce different notes. The string frequencies are determined by the wire used and its length, width, tension and density. The strings in pianos are made with extremely tough wire that is hard enough to chip the blades of a regular wire cutter.
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  • How much does a grand piano weigh?

    Q: How much does a grand piano weigh?

    A: A grand piano can weigh anywhere from 500 pounds for an apartment-size piano to 1,300 pounds for a full-sized piano used in concert halls. Most of the weight is from a large cast-iron frame, or "harp", that keeps the strings under tension.
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  • How can you make your own vuvuzela?

    Q: How can you make your own vuvuzela?

    A: A homemade vuvuzela may be created using a cheap plastic baseball bat, the plastic portion of an inexpensive Fourth of July party horn, scissors, a plastic cup with the bottom cut off and colored electrical tape. All of these items may be purchased at a local dollar or thrift store.
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  • Where did the harp originate?

    Q: Where did the harp originate?

    A: The harp originated with the Egyptians sometime around 3,000 B.C. Believed to be one of the oldest instruments, the earliest harps were formed from hunting bows.
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  • How big is a full-sized acoustic guitar?

    Q: How big is a full-sized acoustic guitar?

    A: A full-sized acoustic guitar is 40 to 42 inches in length. A full-sized guitar is also referred to as a "4/4," with the smaller sizes being three-quarter, one-half and one-quarter.
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  • How are clarinets made?

    Q: How are clarinets made?

    A: Clarinets are made from African blackwood that is dried, sawed and fashioned into the clarinet body before being hollowed out, drilled with holes and then fashioned with keys. The keys of the clarinet, which are made of die-cast metal, are then attached to the clarinet.
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