There are three main types of traditional portrait photography: close-ups or facial shots, upper body shots and environmental portraits. Facial shots and upper body shots focus only on the person in the photo, whereas environmental shots widen out to include the subject's environment.
In addition to these three categories, there are also a number of other substyles for shooting portraits. These include candids, glamour portraits, conceptual portraits, lifestyle portraits and abstract portraits. This variety of substyles allows the photographer to choose the form that best captures the essence of the subject. Portraits such as glamour shots, lifestyle portraits and classic head shots need more equipment set up than other forms, such as candid portraiture.