What Are Some Common Fabric Terms?

What Are Some Common Fabric Terms?

Some common terminology in the fabric industry includes "interfacing," "loft," "merino" and "wickability." Another interesting term is the word "hand," which means the way a fabric feels. "Softness," "silkiness" or "crispness" are words used to describe a particular fabric's hand.

Interfacing is a fabric that gives shape and reinforcement to the fabric in a sewn product. It frequently comes between the outer fabric and the lining and usually adheres to the fabric by stitching or fusion methods.

The loft of a fabric refers in large part to its thickness. While high loft pertains to a thick and fluffy fabric, low-loft fabrics are thin and dense.

Merino is a type of wool from Merino sheep. Considered superior to all other wool, the finest Merino wool is from Italy.

Wickability is the ability of a fabric to allow moisture to pass through the outer part of a fabric and quickly spread to speed the evaporation process. Fabric with good wickability is preferred for athletic wear.