Growing a vegetable garden in a small space requires planning an efficient layout to use as much space as possible. Another important consideration is the type of crop to plant for the best yield, such as peas, lettuce or broccoli.
When planning the layout, allotments should be made for raised beds, planter containers and planting in squares instead of rows. Raised beds and containers have the advantage of sitting aboveground, so the soil is guaranteed to be rich and easily watered. They also provide separation between crops, either by wood or the container rim. Planting in squares aids the pollination process, which yields bigger returns during harvest.
Other crops that are easy to grow and which thrive in small spaces include tomatoes, garlic, peppers, Swiss chard and beans. Crops to avoid growing in a small space include corn, carrots, pumpkin and watermelon. When it is possible to expand your space, some other crops to consider that have a high yield are potatoes, blueberries, strawberries and spinach beets.
Arranging plants in tiers that face the sun allows for optimal light exposure. A planting record of which plants are planted in which beds, along with a list of observed problems and advantages, helps when planting the next cycle of seedlings. Rotating the crops every year keeps the yields healthy and prevents disease spores from previous crops to flourish.