The Breeders' Cup is a series of thoroughbred horse races held each year across two days at different race tracks throughout North America. Previous locations include Churchill Downs, Santa Anita Park and Gulfstream Park. The specific races, as of 2015, are the Juvenile Fillies, Filly & Mare Turf, Filly & Mare Sprint, Turf Sprint, Sentient Jet Juvenile, Longines Turf, Sprint, Mile, Juvenile Turf, Dirt Mile, Juvenile Fillies Turf, Longines Distaff and Classic.
The Breeders' Cup was originated in 1984 by the Breeders' Cup Limited, a company formed in 1982. The races were held originally for just a day, but was expanded into 2 days in 2007. Pet food heir John R. Gaines proposed the idea for the races at an awards luncheon at the Kentucky Derby Festival in 1982. The idea was to improve the sport's image.