The questions, answers and requirements to attain a Boy Scouts of America merit badge vary by badge. As of April 2015, there are more than 130 BSA merit badges. BSA publishes badge designs and requirements on the Introduction to Merit Badges page on Scouting.org.
The merit badge system encourages scouts to learn trade skills, crafts, business, sports and other skills that could help them in their future careers. When scouts decide that they would like to earn a merit badge, their unit leader puts them in contact with a merit badge counselor. BSA requires that scouts use the buddy system, learn the requirements of the badge they are working toward and follow all of the instructions published in the Boy Scout Handbook and the merit badge pamphlets. Scouts can find links to other merit badge resources on the individual badge pages at Scouting.org.
The archery badge is one example of a sports badge. To earn the archery badge, the scout must be able to explain range safety rules, name all of the parts of an arrow, make or repair his own arrows, explain the purpose behind other archery equipment and explain the rules of archery competitions. The scout must also give a practical demonstration of his archery skill with a recurve bow, longbow or compound bow. BSA publishes a book called Basic Illustrated Archery and an archery book in the Merit Badge Series to assist scouts who are pursuing the archery badge.