History

A:

Christopher Columbus attempted to sail for the Far East, to the countries which now make up the continent of Asia. He proposed that it would be faster and easier to reach Asia by sailing west rather than east.

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    • What country colonized China?

      Q: What country colonized China?

      A: Great Britain took Hong Kong from China after winning the First Opium War and took southern Kowloon after winning the Second Opium War. Portugal claimed the Macau region and kept it until 1999. France took over the region that is now northern Vietnam from China by winning the Sino-French War.
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    • What did the Mayans invent?

      Q: What did the Mayans invent?

      A: The Mayan people invented complex and highly accurate calendars based off astronomical readings. They are also believed to have discovered the technique of vulcanization, a process that strengthens rubber by adding other materials.
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    • What was ancient Hebrew civilization like?

      Q: What was ancient Hebrew civilization like?

      A: Little is known about the oldest eras of ancient Hebrew civilization because the culture was nomadic. The most distinct and long-lasting elements of ancient Hebrew civilization lay not in its architectural, artistic or diplomatic contributions but in the focus of the people on a monotheistic God who was radically different from the gods worshipped by most ancient peoples.
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    • What is the cradle of civilization?

      Q: What is the cradle of civilization?

      A: Scholars traditionally regard Mesopotamia, an ancient area surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that is now parts of modern day Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Kuwait, as the cradle of civilization. The area is also know as the Fertile Crescent.
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    • What weapons did the Babylonians use?

      Q: What weapons did the Babylonians use?

      A: The ancient Babylonians used sharpened weapons such as sickle swords, socketed axes, spears, and the Egyptian-derived bladed mace, as well as clubs and staffs, and projectiles flung from war slings. The Babylonians were a Bronze Age people, so the bladed weapons they used were made of a softer metal than later civilization's iron and steel. This made them less effective in battle than iron and iron-alloy based weapons, as iron is harder and harder blades can take a sharper point.
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    • What did Alexander the Great do?

      Q: What did Alexander the Great do?

      A: Alexander the Great created the largest political empire in the ancient world. He is considered a great military leader and was an inspiration to future leaders such as Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte.
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    • Who invented the rifle?

      Q: Who invented the rifle?

      A: Marin le Bourgeois developed the first flintlock gun, which is the predecessor to the rifle. Captain Patrick Ferguson of Pitfours, Scotland is known for inventing the first breech-loading rifle, which was used by the British Army in the American Revolutionary War in 1777.
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    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of microwave cooking?

      Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of microwave cooking?

      A: Microwaves provide an energy-efficient way to heat food quickly and easily; however, they don't always heat food evenly and can potentially be harmful if food is not heated properly. Microwaves are useful for preparing convenient meals and for defrosting meats immediately before being transferred to the oven or grill.
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    • Who invented soccer?

      Q: Who invented soccer?

      A: Ancient Chinese individuals invented the game that most closely resembles the modern-day sport of soccer. Records of the original game, called "Tsu-Chu," date back to the 3rd century B.C.
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    • Who invented the seesaw?

      Q: Who invented the seesaw?

      A: It is believed that Korean girls in the 17th century who were not allowed beyond the confines of their courtyard walls invented the seesaw to catapult themselves in the air high enough to glimpse the outside world, according to Patricia Newman.
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    • When did the practice of knitting begin?

      Q: When did the practice of knitting begin?

      A: The earliest form of knitting, known as nalbinding, is believed to date back to roughly the third to fifth century of the Common Era. This single-needle knitting approach can be found in socks from this period of time.
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    • Who invented the Hubble Space Telescope?

      Q: Who invented the Hubble Space Telescope?

      A: The Hubble Space Telescope was invented by Lyman Spitzer, who first proposed the concept in 1946. Spitzer, a native of Toledo, Ohio, continued analyzing photos from the Hubble Space Telescope until his passing in 1997.
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    • Why did The Crusades take place?

      Q: Why did The Crusades take place?

      A: The Crusades were a series of holy wars fueled by two major causes: the Pope's desire to expand the Holy Roman Empire and the reclamation of the Holy Land. In the 11th century, Christians and Muslims were at odds over the ownership of Jerusalem, a holy site for both Christianity and Islam.
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    • What was the role of a medieval king?

      Q: What was the role of a medieval king?

      A: The roles of a king during Medieval Europe included land ownership, warfare leadership and lawmaker. A king allowed knights, barons and lords to live on his land, as long as they provided armies of men to fight wars. When kings fought neighboring kingdoms, he led his men into battle. Kings were supreme rulers of their lands, and they meted out justice as they saw fit.
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    • What did the Vikings invent?

      Q: What did the Vikings invent?

      A: The Vikings invented the longboat during the Vikings Age from 800 to 1100 A.D. This type of ship helped them travel the oceans to reach France, England, Scotland, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Vinland and the Middle East. Thus, they became a dominant force in European medieval trade, politics and warfare.
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    • What countries did the Vikings invade?

      Q: What countries did the Vikings invade?

      A: During the Viking Age, between the seventh and 11th centuries, Norse traders, raiders and colonists established a presence in countries as far apart as modern-day Canada and Iran. The Vikings emerged mostly from coastal communities in Norway, Denmark and Sweden to explore, and eventually settle in, most European and Mediterranean countries. They established colonies in North America and maintained a presence in Greenland that lasted nearly 500 years.
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    • What king believed he was made of glass?

      Q: What king believed he was made of glass?

      A: King Charles VI of France was prone to bouts of insanity where, among other things, he didn’t recognize his family or thought he was made of glass. Modern doctors think he may have suffered from schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.
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    • Why did Henry VIII create the Church of England?

      Q: Why did Henry VIII create the Church of England?

      A: King Henry VIII created the Church of England in 1536 as a result of a dispute with the pope, who would not permit Henry to get a divorce from his wife and marry his long-time mistress. Henry's marital history started under a cloud of suspicion, as his marriage to Catherine of Aragon meant he was forming a union with his brother's widow. Whether his series of divorces was actually the result of his failure to produce a male heir or some other form of instability is a matter of some dispute, but the reason for forming the Anglican Church was to give Henry the right to act as the head of his own church and marry as he pleased.
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