History

A:

The abacus was invented by Chinese mathematicians approximately 5,000 years ago. The abacus is occasionally hailed as the world's first computer, but the abacus is more accurately described as a counting device. After its invention, people all around the world began using the abacus to help with their calculations.

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    • Who Was the First Person to Invent Music?

      Q: Who Was the First Person to Invent Music?

      A: Music predates recorded history, so it is impossible to say where and when it was first performed. However, there are archaeological records that indicate virtually all prehistoric societies developed musical instruments and had some capacity to play music.
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    • What Weapons Did the Babylonians Use?

      Q: What Weapons Did the Babylonians Use?

      A: The ancient Babylonians used sharpened weapons such as sickle swords, socketed axes, spears, and the Egyptian-derived bladed mace, as well as clubs and staffs, and projectiles flung from war slings. The Babylonians were a Bronze Age people, so the bladed weapons they used were made of a softer metal than later civilization's iron and steel. This made them less effective in battle than iron and iron-alloy based weapons, as iron is harder and harder blades can take a sharper point.
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    • What Was Ancient Hebrew Civilization Like?

      Q: What Was Ancient Hebrew Civilization Like?

      A: Little is known about the oldest eras of ancient Hebrew civilization because the culture was nomadic. The most distinct and long-lasting elements of ancient Hebrew civilization lay not in its architectural, artistic or diplomatic contributions but in the focus of the people on a monotheistic God who was radically different from the gods worshipped by most ancient peoples.
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    • What Did the Mayans Eat?

      Q: What Did the Mayans Eat?

      A: The four staple foods in Mayan cuisine were squash, beans, maize and chili peppers, and they were often combined with meat or seafood. Squash, beans, and maize are often referred to as the "three sisters" because they provide all the necessary nutrients when eaten together.
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    • What Food Did Sumerians Eat?

      Q: What Food Did Sumerians Eat?

      A: Barley was the main staple of the Sumerian diet, and was used to make barley cakes and barley paste. Sumerians combined barley with other local vegetables, including beans, lentils, chickpeas, mustard and lettuce. Lamb, goat, pork and fish were favorites with city-dwelling Sumerians, but rural farming communities did not eat meat often and lived on a mostly vegetarian diet.
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    • What Country Colonized China?

      Q: What Country Colonized China?

      A: Great Britain took Hong Kong from China after winning the First Opium War and took southern Kowloon after winning the Second Opium War. Portugal claimed the Macau region and kept it until 1999. France took over the region that is now northern Vietnam from China by winning the Sino-French War.
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      Q: Who Invented the Computer?

      A: Technology historians do not credit any single person with the invention of the computer. A number of individuals made discoveries that led to the development of the electronic computer.
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    • Who Invented Horse Riding?

      Q: Who Invented Horse Riding?

      A: No one knows for sure who invented horse riding because it happened before written history. The earliest archaeological evidence of horses being used for transport dates from about 2000 B.C.
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    • Who Invented the First Aeroplane?

      Q: Who Invented the First Aeroplane?

      A: The Wright brothers invented the first successful airplane in 1903. By 1902, Wilbur and Orville Wright had invented the first successful glider and were focused with designing and building the first airplane that could gain sustained flight.
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    • Who Invented the Pacifier?

      Q: Who Invented the Pacifier?

      A: People have been using objects to soothe babies for centuries, but Christian W. Meinecke is credited with inventing the pacifier. In 1901 he filed a patent for "a new and original Design for a Baby Comforter."
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    • What Year Was the Helicopter Invented?

      Q: What Year Was the Helicopter Invented?

      A: The first successful helicopter was the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, whose first flight was June of 1936 in Germany. The man often credited with being the inventor of the helicopter is Igor Sikorsky, whose version first flew on September 14, 1939.
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    • Who Invented the Typewriter?

      Q: Who Invented the Typewriter?

      A: Several inventors created typing machines similar to a typewriter. The first person to develop, patent and mass-produce a typing machine was Rasmus Malling-Hansen of Denmark. Malling-Hansen first patented his writing ball in 1870, but continued to update and improve his typing machine for nearly a decade.
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