History

A:

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day dispute between Cuba and the Soviet Union on one side and the United States on the other. The event is regarded as the closest these world powers came to nuclear attacks during the Cold War. During this period, Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba, Nikita Kruschev led the Soviet Union, and John F. Kennedy was president of the United States.

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    • Why did Ferdinand Magellan make his voyage?

      Q: Why did Ferdinand Magellan make his voyage?

      A: Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese navigator, sailed west from Spain in the early 16th century in hopes of finding a western shipping route to Indonesia's Spice Islands. With five ships and more than 250 men, he reached Brazil, where he looked along the coast of South America for a strait leading to the Pacific Ocean. After camping in Port St. Julian for the winter, Magellan found the strait.
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    • What is the cradle of civilization?

      Q: What is the cradle of civilization?

      A: Scholars traditionally regard Mesopotamia, an ancient area surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that is now parts of modern day Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Kuwait, as the cradle of civilization. The area is also know as the Fertile Crescent.
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    • What accomplishment is Confucius most well-known for?

      Q: What accomplishment is Confucius most well-known for?

      A: Confucius' most well-known accomplishment is creating the philosophy of Confucianism. This philosophy stresses that a stable society requires people to follow tradition and a policy of mutual respect. Confucianism provided the basis for the bureaucracy in imperial China.
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    • What weapons did the Babylonians use?

      Q: What weapons did the Babylonians use?

      A: The ancient Babylonians used sharpened weapons such as sickle swords, socketed axes, spears, and the Egyptian-derived bladed mace, as well as clubs and staffs, and projectiles flung from war slings. The Babylonians were a Bronze Age people, so the bladed weapons they used were made of a softer metal than later civilization's iron and steel. This made them less effective in battle than iron and iron-alloy based weapons, as iron is harder and harder blades can take a sharper point.
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    • What was ancient Hebrew civilization like?

      Q: What was ancient Hebrew civilization like?

      A: Little is known about the oldest eras of ancient Hebrew civilization because the culture was nomadic. The most distinct and long-lasting elements of ancient Hebrew civilization lay not in its architectural, artistic or diplomatic contributions but in the focus of the people on a monotheistic God who was radically different from the gods worshipped by most ancient peoples.
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    • What did Alexander the Great do?

      Q: What did Alexander the Great do?

      A: Alexander the Great created the largest political empire in the ancient world. He is considered a great military leader and was an inspiration to future leaders such as Julius Caesar and Napoleon Bonaparte.
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    • Who invented netball?

      Q: Who invented netball?

      A: Dr. James Naismith is credited for inventing netball. The no-dribble game was a spinoff of basketball that he invented in 1891 at a YMCA in Springfield, Mass.
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    • Who invented SCUBA?

      Q: Who invented SCUBA?

      A: SCUBA, which stands for Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus, was invented by Frenchmen Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Emile Gagnan in 1943. Creating underwater breathing devices had long fascinated inventors, and some inventions had varying degrees of success, but Cousteau and Gagnan allowed adventurers to experience the ocean like never before.
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    • Why was the revolving door invented?

      Q: Why was the revolving door invented?

      A: In 1888, Theophilus Van Kannel invented the revolving door not because he cared about efficiency or convenience, but because he couldn't stand holding open a regular door. More specifically: he loathed chivalry, and he thought a new door was the perfect way around it.
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    • Who invented the ballpoint pen?

      Q: Who invented the ballpoint pen?

      A: The ballpoint pen was invented by Laszlo Biro in the 1930s, who was a Jewish-Hungarian journalist. During his time editing newspapers, he became very frustrated with the amount of smudging that the fountain pen caused. This made Biro determined to design a more practical pen.
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    • Who invented the seesaw?

      Q: Who invented the seesaw?

      A: It is believed that Korean girls in the 17th century who were not allowed beyond the confines of their courtyard walls invented the seesaw to catapult themselves in the air high enough to glimpse the outside world, according to Patricia Newman.
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    • Who invented the first robot?

      Q: Who invented the first robot?

      A: The first robot was created by the Greek mathematician Archytas of Tarentum. It was a flying wooden dove that traveled up to 200 meters through the air by flapping its wings.
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    • What was the role of a medieval king?

      Q: What was the role of a medieval king?

      A: The roles of a king during Medieval Europe included land ownership, warfare leadership and lawmaker. A king allowed knights, barons and lords to live on his land, as long as they provided armies of men to fight wars. When kings fought neighboring kingdoms, he led his men into battle. Kings were supreme rulers of their lands, and they meted out justice as they saw fit.
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    • What is a female emperor called?

      Q: What is a female emperor called?

      A: A female emperor is properly termed an empress or an empress regnant. Emperors and empresses reign over empires and are generally conceded to outrank kings. Reigning empresses rarely conquer their own territories but instead inherit from a husband or father.
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    • What were the negative effects of the Crusades?

      Q: What were the negative effects of the Crusades?

      A: Negative effects of the Crusades included the repeated defeats of the Christian armies, the slaughter of innocents and the looting of Constantinople. The destruction of Constantinople severed any hope of mending the East-West schism in Christianity, and this event left the Byzantine Empire vulnerable to the Ottoman Empire.
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    • Who won the crusades?

      Q: Who won the crusades?

      A: The crusades were ultimately won in the East by the Muslims when the Bahri Mamluks conquered Acre in 1291. While crusades were mounted even after this point, political witch-hunts mounted against the Knights Templar by King Philip IV of France made further major crusades in the Levant impractical.
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    • When was the medieval time period?

      Q: When was the medieval time period?

      A: The medieval period encompasses the fifth to 14th or 15th centuries. Historians date this period from the collapse of the Roman Empire until the dawn of the Renaissance.
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    • Who lived in castles in the Middle Ages?

      Q: Who lived in castles in the Middle Ages?

      A: The primary residents of European castles during the Middle Ages were the lord and lady of the realm. These might be royalty or simply the liege lords of the district where the castle was built.
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