Zulifikar Ali Bhutto, President and Prime Minister of Pakistan and founder of the Pakistan People's Party, was hanged on April 4, 1979, after a trumped-up murder trial. While he was not convicted of the murder, he was still sentenced to die.
Bhutto presided over a very tumultuous period in Pakistan, during which Eastern Pakistan revolted to form Bangladesh. His People's Party worked to institute socialist change in a nation that was weighted with grinding poverty and governmental corruption. In 1977, during his service as prime minister, General Zia-ul-Haq, his political opponent, accused him of rigging an election and staged a coup. Later, Zia imprisoned Bhutto on charges of murdering another political rival.
Bhutto was the father of Benazir Bhutto, who also became Prime Minister of Pakistan before being exiled. Upon her return to Pakistan in 2007, she was assassinated in a bombing while once again running for parliamentary office.