Segregation ended in Alabama when the Civil Rights Act was approved by President Lyndon B. Johnson and passed into legislation in 1964. The law prohibited enforced racial separation in public facilities and business establishments, such as schools, libraries, swimming pools, movie houses, hotels and restaurants. Two earlier decisions by the United States Supreme Court that came out in 1954 and 1955 ruled that segregation in schools and public transportation was unconstitutional in Alabama.
The passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964 provided equal treatment to all American citizens in terms of race, sex, color, religion and nativity. The law was expanded in 1968, which outlawed discrimination in housing services. By the late 1960s, all forms of segregation were legally banned in all states.