What Year Was the French Revolution?


Quick Answer

The French Revolution was a 10-year period of upheaval in the country that began in 1789 with the summoning of the Estates-General by King Louis XVI. The deputies of the three Estates of French society were to meet to deliberate voting on taxes to fund the financially weakened Bourbon monarchy.

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The Third Estate, representing the common people of France, elected to form a National Constituent Assembly, excluding the First Estate of the clergy and the Second Estate of the nobles. The monarchy reacted harshly, shutting down this democratic body, sparking the takeover of the Bastille fortress and the abolition of feudalism. The mass uprising of the French population, led by the Assembly, overthrew and executed the Bourbon monarchs in 1793 and established the French Republic.

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