In the United States, the civil rights movement began in 1951 when the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear the case Brown v. Board of Education. In 1954 the case was decided in favor of desegregation.
Although there were always those who fought for civil rights for African-Americans, the official beginning to the civil rights movement is set in the 1950s when a significant number of the populace took a stand against racial injustices. In 1951, Oliver Brown fought for the right for his daughter Linda to attend a nearby "white only" elementary school instead of being bussed to a distant school for black children. In a landmark decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that separate schools are inherently unequal and the desegregation process began.