Q:

What year did the civil rights movement begin?

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Quick Answer

In the United States, the civil rights movement began in 1951 when the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear the case Brown v. Board of Education. In 1954 the case was decided in favor of desegregation.

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Full Answer

Although there were always those who fought for civil rights for African-Americans, the official beginning to the civil rights movement is set in the 1950s when a significant number of the populace took a stand against racial injustices. In 1951, Oliver Brown fought for the right for his daughter Linda to attend a nearby "white only" elementary school instead of being bussed to a distant school for black children. In a landmark decision, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that separate schools are inherently unequal and the desegregation process began.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What was the purpose of the Civil Rights Movement?

    A:

    The purpose of the civil rights movement was to establish equal rights for African Americans, says History.com. An incident on a bus started the protest. In December 1955, an African American women named Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white person. Her being jailed for not giving up her seat is what influenced other African Americans to start the movement.

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  • Q:

    What was the Supreme Court decision in Brown V Board of Education?

    A:

    In the U.S. Supreme Court decision of Brown v. Board of Education, the Court ruled that state laws that created separate public schools for black and white students were a violation of the U.S. Constitution. The case effectively reversed Plessy v. Ferguson, which previously allowed for segregated public schools.

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  • Q:

    Why did the civil rights movement occur?

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    The civil rights movement directly resulted from the failure of post-Civil War policies to ensure the civil liberties of black people, many recently emancipated. Consequently, old forms of social and legal suppression took new shape in the South, particularly in the form of segregation laws.

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  • Q:

    Did Theodore Roosevelt fail to support civil rights?

    A:

    President Theodore Roosevelt made small strides in U.S. race relations, but he was not considered a leader of the civil rights movement. He spoke out publicly against race-based discrimination on a number of occasions. He also appointed several African Americans to federal offices, but they were lower level positions.

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