Alabama became a state in 1819. The land that became the state was originally part of the Mississippi Territory, and was settled by the Creek, Cherokee and Choctaw nations before it was absorbed into the United States as a result of the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
Alabama is the 22nd state of the Union. It consists of land that was once part of the colony of Georgia, which became subdivided into the Mississippi Territory in 1798. Although first occupied by Native American nations starting about 10,000 years ago, the area first saw European explorers and settlers in the 16th century. During the early 19th century, the area contained numerous conflicts between Native peoples and American settlers, culminating in the Creek War of 1813 to 1814. In the early years following statehood, Alabama had a primarily agricultural economy, using slave labor to farm cotton.