The English Bill of Rights was collectively authored by the members of Parliament at the time; it was presented to the Crown by Parliament and was based on the political philosophies of John Locke. The English Bill of Rights is just one document that makes up the British constitution; the others include the Magna Carta, Petition of Right, the Parliament Acts of 1911 and 1949 and Habeas Corpus Act of 1679.
The English Bill of Rights limits the powers of the Crown and establishes the rights of Parliament. It calls for regular parliamentary sessions, freedom of speech within Parliament and free elections. It prohibits cruel and unusual punishments and allows Protestants to bear arms. It also condemned some acts of James II of England. The English Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement of 1701 remain governing documents in the United Kingdom.
Other provisions of the English Bill of Rights include the right to petition the monarch without fearing retribution, no tax can be levied without Parliament approval, a standing army cannot be maintained during peace time unless Parliament agrees and a free election of Parliament. It also prohibits excessive bail and excessive fines and protects freedom of speech, among other rights.