The final Articles of Confederation was the result of a draft by John Dickinson, which was reviewed and redrafted twice by Congress before it was approved. Three other drafts were presented before Dickinson's. They were written by Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane and the Connecticut delegation.
The Articles of Confederation served as the first constitution written for the United States. The first draft was submitted in 1775. However, the final approval of Dickinson's revised draft was not given until in 1777. The Articles were submitted to the states, and all but one approved them by 1779. Maryland was the last state to approve the Articles in 1781, and they went into effect on March 1 of the same year.