The main similarity between Athens and Sparta was their form of government, which featured an elected assembly whose members came from among the people; the primary difference between the two cities came from their way of life, as Spartan life was simple and ascetic, while Athenian life was more highly creative. Another difference involved the two cities' views about their proper relationship with the rest of the Greeks.Continue Reading
Athens and Sparta both featured an elected assembly, but Athens' executive leaders, the archons, were also elected from the people, while Sparta featured two kings that ruled until death, or until being forced out.
Spartan life focused on building obedience and preparing for war. From a young age, boys were taken from their homes and taught to grow up and be warriors, and girls learned how to be the mothers of warriors. The practice of slavery meant that the free young men could focus on military training while slaves ran the industrial and household duties.
Athenian life was much different, with many opportunities to receive a quality education and pursue studies in the arts and sciences. Service in the army or navy was voluntary rather than compulsory but was open only to young men.
Athens eventually developed a taste for conquest and tried to bring all Greece under its sway. This led to the Peloponnesian Wars, and the eventual defeat of the Athenian ambitions.Learn more about Ancient Greece
Sparta was a city-state on the banks of the Eurotas River and lasted from about 900 to 192 B.C. Around 650 B.C., Sparta was considered the dominant military-land power in Greece.Full Answer >
While the question of whether Sparta was better than Athens is slightly subjective, it's possible to consider Athens inferior because it fell victim to the temptation of becoming an exploitative imperial power. By contrast, Sparta led an alliance commonly seen as relieving other Greek states of the burden of Athenian hegemony.Full Answer >
The Pelopennesian War took place in the ancient Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. Battles also took place in many neutral states in the Aegean as the war expanded throughout Greece. The Spartan forces attacked the Athenian mainland, whereas the Athenians used their superior navy to attack the Pelopennesian peninsula.Full Answer >
Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece;also known as polis, the ancient Greek city-states were individual, autonomous cities that were self-governing and independent from other governments in their local areas. Because these two powerful city-states were so autonomous, they had many cultural differences and Athenians and Spartans, while having many similarities as Greeks including religion and language, were culturally different as people. For instance, the Spartans were renowned for their fierce warriors and militaristic culture while the Athenians were known for their academic pursuits, creating much of the art and academic enlightenment that is still associated with ancient Greek people as a whole.Full Answer >