Wilson’s 14th point, which calls for political and territorial independence of all nations regardless of size, was incorporated into the Treaty of Versailles in two ways. It denounced Germany as an aggressor in World War I, and it laid the groundwork for the League of Nations.
At the time of World War I, Germany occupied a portion of France called Alsace-Lorraine and held colonies in Africa and Asia. The 14 points called for decolonization and upheld the principal of self-determination.
Since Germany was recognized as a main aggressor in the war, it was given harsh war reparations to pay. The League of Nations, an international council where delegates from all countries could come together to diplomatically resolve world problems, was the forerunner to the United Nations.