India won the Kargil War, which was a short conflict which began in May of 1999 when Pakistani soldiers infiltrated Kashmir, the northernmost region of India along the border with Pakistan. The war ended in July of 1999 with the withdrawal of Pakistani forces.
Kargil is a small town located within the Kashmir region of India. Kashmir is the source of a territorial dispute between India and Pakistan, with both sides claiming ownership. Pakistan's goal in the Kargil War was to quickly infiltrate the region, cut off India from the north and force India into negotiations to resolve the broader dispute over Kashmir. International pressure combined with battlefield losses eventually forced Pakistan to withdraw, resulting in an Indian victory.