The crusades were ultimately won in the East by the Muslims when the Bahri Mamluks conquered Acre in 1291. While crusades were mounted even after this point, political witch-hunts mounted against the Knights Templar by King Philip IV of France made further major crusades in the Levant impractical.Continue Reading
The crusades began when, after over 200 years of Muslim attacks on Western states including Rome itself, the Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus requested help in reclaiming land in Asia Minor that had been taken by the Seljuk Turks. In 1096, Pope Urban II declared an armed pilgrimage to take back Jerusalem. While this crusade succeeded, the lands in question were passed back and forth for two centuries until the Christians were defeated.
In Spain, the 700-year-long Reconquista pushed out the Muslim Moors and reinstated Christianity in 1491. This conflict shared many of the same traits as the Holy Land crusades.Learn more about Middle Ages
There were eight or nine crusades, though only the first four were of any importance. The Crusades were Christian military expeditions mounted to wrest the Holy Land from the Muslims who had conquered it.Full Answer >
The Crusades lasted 196 years, from 1095 to 1291. The Crusades were holy wars waged against the Mohammedans or Saracens, with the intention of taking back Palestine.Full Answer >
One result of the Crusades was a major shift in the way that the European economy and political attitudes were structured during the 1100s and 1200s. Not only did these conflicts lead to a growing complicity between church and state, but opening the door to the Muslim world also led to shifts in the European economy that would open the door to new wealth.Full Answer >
The most common reasons that people went on crusades were following the Pope's call, to be forgiven for past sins, and to loot and kill, according to the BBC. Seemingly less common reasons were proving one's bravery and seeking adventure, and also seeking foreign lands to own.Full Answer >