The Battle of Goliad was won by Texas rebels in 1835. In the battles, 50 Texan volunteers led by George Collingsworth defeated the 30 Mexican soldiers who were protecting the town and the Spanish fort. The battle took just a few minutes and gave the Texans a strategic location.
In 1836, Mexican forces surrounded the defenders of Goliad led by General James W. Fannin. Fannin's forced had been ordered by Sam Houston to retreat but moved too late and were captured. The rebels were taken prisoner and held at Goliad, but were later all executed in what became known as the Goliad Massacre.