The West in the United States was romanticized as being the Old West or Wild West in the mid to late 1800s. At the time, stories about the cowboy and outlaws were popularly featured in newspapers and periodicals. Outlaws such as Billy the Kid and Jesse James and lawman Wyatt Earp were widely known during the period.
One of the most colorful icons of the Wild West was William Frederick Cody who was otherwise known as Buffalo Bill. Cody earned the nickname for his ability to hunt buffalo whose meat was supplied to men working on Kansas' Pacific Railroad.
Cody is best known for his "Wild West" show where Native Americans and authentic cowboys showed off their shooting or roping skills. By the 1900s, Buffalo Bill had become one of the most recognizable people in the United States and the world.
During the time of the westward expansion, which began in the 17th century and continued into the early 1900s, the West, in the early days, was known as the American Frontier. During this time, the California Gold Rush took place, settlers started on their journey down the Oregon Trail and the Pony Express was created in 1860.
William Russell is credited for founding the mail and delivery provider the Pony Express. Russell established 150 stations for riders, each located 15 miles apart. However, the venture was short-lived. In 1861, the telegraph was introduced which eliminated the need for Pony Express services.