The three goals of Prince Metternich during the Congress of Vienna were to curtail liberal and nationalistic tendencies, restore the ruling families of Europe to their thrones and maintain a balance of power among European nations. The Congress, which was attended by the ambassadors of France, Austria, Prussia, Russia and England, was headed by Austria's envoy, Prince Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar von Metternich-Winneburg.Continue Reading
The Congress convened at Vienna, Austria in the autumn of 1814. Major European powers wanted to establish a plan of lasting peace and redraw the map of Europe by realigning new territorial borders. Although several of the attending nations were former allies in war, each had its own agenda in furthering their best interests.
Prince Metternich saw the Congress of Vienna as an opportunity to stem the tide of nationalism that was sweeping across all of Europe. He used his diplomatic skills to exercise a strong influence on the proceedings. The Austrian Prince was convinced that liberalism and nationalism created disorder and fostered revolutionary thoughts. The Metternich Age, between 1815 and 1848, was a period when revolutionary movements were successfully suppressed. The Congress also aimed to reinstate the ruling families to their thrones. Metternich wanted a monarchy where power was equally shared among the privileged classes of society. He attempted to forge the postwar Quadruple Alliance of England, Prussia, Russia and Austria. He believed that a balance of power prevented one nation from dominating over another.Learn more about Modern Europe
The Seven Years' War (1756-1763) was caused by ongoing tension between Great Britain and France as well as Russian and Austrian fears of Prussia's growing power in Europe, and it resulted in further colonial supremacy for Great Britain and widespread acknowledgement of Prussia as a major European power. However, the great cost at which Prussia defeated its southern neighbor also restored Austria's military reputation after its humiliation in the War of Austrian Succession, and while the war paved the way for British domination in India, it forced caused Great Britain to pass laws to pacify its new Canadian possessions that ended up sparking the American Revolutionary War.Full Answer >
Vienna is a city that is located in the country of Austria. Vienna lies close to the borders of Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia. Vienna is the capital city as well as one of nine states within the country.Full Answer >
Congress has the power to make new laws, change existing laws, raise and support armed forces, declare war, establish post offices, secure patents and copyrights, collect taxes, regulate commerce, oversee the national budget and regulate other aspects of national finances. It also has the power to investigate other branches of government, confirm presidential appointments, ratify treaties and impeach the president and other federal officials.Full Answer >
Apart from the power to propose and pass laws, Congress has several non-legislative powers including the following: powers to impeach, tax, amend the Constitution, declare war, elect the President in case there is no majority in the electoral college, ratification of treaties and trade agreements, confirmation of appointments and certain investigative powers. Some of these belong to the Senate and some to the House of Representatives.Full Answer >