The Revolutionaries Authority were those deemed in charge of the American Revolution that occurred between 1765 and 1783. Rebel colonists, known as Patriots, from 13 colonies bucked against British rule, resulting in the founding of what is now the United States of America.Continue Reading
In the 1760s, the British government tried to gain more control over its 13 American colonies through methods such as enforcing new tax laws. This caused resentment among the colonists, eventually causing a rebellion faction, the Patriots, to form. The Patriots believed they should be independent of British rule and should only answer to their own government. The Loyalists, on the other hand, still supported the British monarchy and government. These two opposing ideals eventually led to the American Revolutionary War that lasted from 1775 to 1783.
Another factor that increased the feeling of unrest was the Enlightenment, a religious view from which deists took their views of liberty, democracy and an ideal society. Benjamin Franklin followed deist beliefs and, as a leading colonist, was a key speaker in defense of the colonies against the imposed taxes.
A British philosopher, John Locke, believed in a democratic government rather than a ruling monarchy and reflected his views in "Two Treatises of Government." His arguments against the existing form of government and right to rebel against it helped fuel the subsequent rebellion of the Patriots.
An important leader of the American Revolution was John Hancock. His merchant ship, the Liberty, was targeted by officials from British customs who accused Hancock of smuggling. This led to protests and Hancock's fight for American independence. He helped fund the revolution and, as president of the Continental Congress, became the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence, formally freeing the colonies from British rule.Learn more about Modern History