The Ridda Wars of 632 through 633 A.D. were a series of campaigns during which the first elected Islamic Caliph, Abu Bakr, defeated rebellious Arab tribes just after Mohammed's death. "Ridda" translates roughly to "apostasy."Continue Reading
The large Islamic empire Mohammed had built began to break apart when he died. Several groups rose up to back self-declared caliphs, or leaders of the Islamic faith. In a series of campaigns, Abu Bakr sent his general Usama ibn Zaid to recapture the rebels either through defeating them in battle or by negotiating with them. In the 27 months of his rule before he died of fever, Abu Bakr had reconquered Arabia and Persia and added Syria to the Caliphate.
The echoes of the Ridda Wars continue in modern times in the strife between Sunni and Shi'a Muslims. The Shi'a are the ideological descendants of the rebels.Learn more about Middle Ages
Oleg of Novgorod moved the capital of the Rus people to Kiev, founding the Kievan Rus, a powerful federation of East Slavic tribes. A skilled warrior, Oleg pursued successful campaigns against the Khazars and the Byzantines.Full Answer >
The term known as the Middle Ages is synonymous with the Dark Ages for several reasons as the period between 500-1500 A.D. included political turmoil, social unrest and the spread of disease. The Middle Ages brought great change to Europe in many respects, including social mobility, politics and the way of life. Some changes proved beneficial, but the time period experienced negative effects from the change too.Full Answer >
Islam began in the first half of the 7th century A.D. In 610 A.D., the Prophet Muhammad began to receive messages from God, or Allah, and he began to preach these messages in his native Mecca.Full Answer >
From 206 B.C. to A.D. 221, the Han Dynasty saw advancements in technology, philosophy and trade. However, internal and external influences caused the collapse of the Han Dynasty in the year A.D. 221. The reasons for this Chinese dynasty's collapse range from apathetic rulers to aggression from outside hordes. As a result of its collapse, China was divided into the Three Kingdoms and would not reunite for another 400 years.Full Answer >