Results of the Taiping Rebellion in China included the Yangtze Valley becoming a desert for a century, a power vacuum in China, increased foreign influence, loss of Chinese territory to Japan and the end of Chinese isolationism. The Taiping Rebellion was a civil war that lasted from 1850 to 1864.
The Taiping Rebellion sought to overthrow the Qing dynasty. The war resulted in more than 20 million deaths, mostly among civilians. Rebel leader Hong Xiuquan founded the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, whose army controlled a large portion of southern China and ruled approximately 30 million people. The Battle of Shanghai in 1861 marked the beginning of the Heavenly Kingdom's decline, and its capital fell to imperial troops in 1864.