As a result of the Sepoy Mutiny, which some call the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British government dissolved the British East India Company. The British government then began administering those areas directly, and Queen Victoria became Empress of India.
Blamed for his role in inspiring the rebellion, the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar went to Burma as an exile, officially ending the Mughal Empire. The British also started to reorganize their Indian army. Firstly, they began to rely less on soldiers from Bengal and began drawing instead from the Sikhs and Gurkhas. Though the British increased the total number of British soldiers in India, they also began to share command of units with Indian troops to improve morale. Similar reforms took place in the political arena, as the civil service began to admit native Indians to its ranks.