The Khilafat Movement was a Muslim movement that began in 1919. It later joined forces with the Hindu Non-Cooperation Movement in unification against the British. The Khilafat Movement began losing momentum in 1922 due to tensions between the Muslim and Hindu communities.
The Khilafat movement began after World War I in opposition to the British. The supporters of the movement demanded that the Caliph, the Muslim religious leader, retain control over sacred Muslim places and that he retain sufficient territories to defend the Islamic religion. When approached by the leaders of the Khilafat movement, the Non-Cooperation movement, led by Mahatma Gandhi, saw the opportunity to join forces to revolt against the British in a unified front to push for India's independence. Together they formed the All India Khilafat Committee.
The movement began to lose momentum in 1922 when members of the Indian Congress refused to support their cause because of religious differences and doubts with the Satyagraha, a policy of passive political resistance advocated by Gandhi. The end of the movement came in November 1922 when the Caliph, located in Turkey, was overthrown by revolutionaries lead by Mustafa Kamal Pasha. The Caliph was deprived of political power, and Turkey became a secular state. With the Caliph out of power, the cause lost its focus and came to an end.