Goals of the former President of the Independent Republic of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino, included reconstructing the nation and restoring the faith and confidence of the people after the Battle of Manila, during which his own wife, son and two daughters were killed. Having served in the Senate and having helped create the nation's constitution, the former vice president succeeded leader Manuel Roxas after his death in 1948.
Quirino's biggest challenge was the strong opposition he faced from the rival Nationalist Party, who accused him of misappropriation of funds. Though he was re-elected in 1949, it too came with rumors of voter fraud and intimidation.
As President, Quirino sought to improve the social and economic conditions of the Philippines and further established strong relations with Asian and Western countries. He also faced threats from the Communist "Huk" movement, a movement that was not suppressed until after his tenure.
While his postwar reconstruction efforts were considered moderately successful, the Liberal Quirino was often criticized by the Nationalists for failing to implement much-needed reforms and putting U.S. interests before those of Filipinos.
Amid allegations of corruption, Quirino's Defense Secretary Ramon Magsaysay resigned and joined the Nationalist Party. He would then go on to defeat Quirino in the general election of 1953.