British rule in India had a profound effect on the country and was responsible for establishing many of the institutions that continue to play an important part in the infrastructure of the country. This contribution includes such British institutions as the rule of law and parliamentary democracy.
The system of government of the world's largest democracy is based on the political ideologies left behind by the British after India had declared its independence. These political ideologies include a parliamentary system of democratic government and the concept of universal suffrage. In addition, the legal principle of the rule of law through the judiciary was also inherited from British rule. The "Law of India" refers to the legal system used in the country and is based on British "common law."
Not only are the effects of British imperialism evident in India's political and legal infrastructure but also in the physical infrastructure of the country. During the middle of the 19th century, Britain started to invest large amounts of money in the development of a modern railway network that, by 1929, covered 41,000 miles and carried over 620 million passengers a year. Other British engineering developments such as roads, bridges, canals and the telegraph also helped link different parts of the country and stimulate trade and industry.