The Mayans had various body modification practices within their culture that affected their physical features. Having an elongated forehead, modifying their teeth by filing the ends to a point or adding dental decorations and having numerous facial piercings were all highly desirable in Mayan culture.Continue Reading
The physical features that the Mayans preferred are evidenced in the artifact record, such as their artwork, sculptures and skeletal remains. In the artwork, Mayans are depicted in different scenes having similar physical features, giving support that these features were the ideal look for the Mayan people. Skulls recovered from Mayan burials with elongated foreheads and modified teeth give even more concrete support that these physical features were desired in Mayan culture.
Acquiring these physical features for Mayan people would have occurred at different times in their life. The process of elongating the forehead would have occurred during a person's infancy because the cranium of an infant is still soft, so the skull can be bounded to allow it to harden and grow a certain way. Since the Mayans desired a conical shape for the skull, the mothers or midwives of infant Mayans would have bounded their babies' skulls to create that elongated, conical shape. Dental modifications, on the other hand, would have occurred later on in a Mayan person's life, once their adult teeth developed.Learn more about Ancient America
The Mayans made their shelter using stone or wood with thatched roofs with no windows or chimneys. The huts did not have wooden doors. Instead, they hung cloth screens on the doorways.Full Answer >
The Mayans connected their cities and temples with a form of paved roadways and accessed more remote areas via canoe through the region's abundant waterways. Because the Mayans had no beasts of burden, road transport depended on human feet.Full Answer >
The main form of entertainment for the Mayans was a type of ball game played in special courts constructed in an I-shape. Two teams opposed each other in trying to get a rubber ball through stone hoops attached to the sides of the courts or at opposite ends of the court. The entire community became involved as players, spectators, sponsors and gamblers, and priests performed ceremonies before and after.Full Answer >
Differences between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas include their location and language system. The Aztecs lived in what is now central Mexico, while the Mayas lived in southern Mexico and the Inca civilization was focused around Chile and Peru. Both the Aztecs and the Mayans developed a writing system for their language, while the Incas did not.Full Answer >