Mahatma Ghandi's parents were Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi. Mahatma was born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on Oct. 2nd, 1869, in Porbander, which is located on the Kathiawar Peninsula in the west of India. He was his parents' fourth and final child.Continue Reading
His eldest sibling was his only sister, Raliatbehn, born in 1862. His two brothers were Laxmidas, born in 1863, and Karsandas, born in 1866. Karamchand, also known as Kaba, had been married three times previously and had a daughter with each of his first two wives. All three of his wives had died, and when Kaba met Putlibai, he was 40 years old, while Putlibai was only 13. Kaba and Putlibai, along with their six children, lived in a three-story house that had been in the Ghandi family since 1777.
Putlibai was a religious woman and took all of the children to the Vaishnava Hindu temple, which was located next to the house, every day. She also took her children with her when she helped look after the sick and lower castes. She loved to learn about world events and was a source of advice and knowledge for many women in the town.
Kaba was a court official in the town, and his duties involved advising the royal family of Porbander and hiring new government officials. Even though he was successful, Kaba never gained much wealth, and his income only managed to help pay household bills.Learn more about Modern Asia
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, believed in Hinduism, non-violence, vegetarianism, self-rule, education, the search for truth and the usefulness of fasting and celibacy. Ghandi's Hinduism had Jain influences. He used the principles of non-violence to lead an Indian resistance against the British.Full Answer >
By trade, Mahatma Gandhi was educated as a lawyer, but he is best known for his role in the Indian independence movement and his tireless efforts to promote civil rights through his philosophy of nonviolent civil disobedience. Gandhi led national campaigns to advance causes he believed in, including anti-poverty campaigns and campaigns to expand the rights of women, and particularly to achieve self-rule for India.Full Answer >
The greatest achievement of Mahatma Gandhi is his lifelong fight for India's independence, which finally happened on August 15, 1947. After India won its independence from British rule in 1947, Gandhi successfully fasted for 21 days, which encouraged the Muslims and Indians to end their war.Full Answer >
Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Mahatma Gandhi headed India's movement for independence by challenging the British not with violence and weapons, but with peaceful protests and stirring inspirational speeches. Gandhi shared his vision of civilization when he said "An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind."Full Answer >