The Palmer Raids were conducted in 1919 and 1920 and attempted to arrest foreign anarchists, communists and radical leftists. The Palmer Raids were led by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer.Continue Reading
Fueled by unrest following World War I and the Bolshevik takeover of Russia, anti-communist and xenophobic sentiment ran rampant in the United States. These fears materialized as a viable threat after a mail bomb plot involving 36 explosive packages was set off on May Day in 1919. On June 2, 1919, another series of bombings took place, which destroyed Palmer's home. Following this, Palmer and J. Edgar Hoover created the General Intelligence Division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
On Nov. 7, 1919, federal and local authorities conducted a raid of the headquarters of the Union of Russian Workers in New York City. More than 200 individuals were arrested. On Nov. 25, 1919, a second raid of the headquarters took place, and this raid uncovered a bomb factory.
Palmer believed that deporting immigrants was the solution to the problem. His office succeed in deporting 249 radicals to Russia on Dec. 21, 1919. Another raid on Jan. 2, 1920, resulted in the arrest of thousands of individuals in more than 30 cities. More raids were conducted on the following day. About 1,600 people were set to be deported, but Louis Post, the acting Secretary of Labor, reversed more than 70 percent of these.
When the public became aware of the brutality of the raids, opinion turned against Palmer. His fate was sealed after a revolution he predicted would take place on May Day in 1920 never materialized, thus ending the Palmer Raids.Learn more about US History
Sir Francis Drake was famous for his many exploits, including the circumnavigation of the earth and his numerous raids on the Spanish fleets. While Drake was granted knighthood by Queen Elizabeth I and was second in command of the English Fleet, he was considered a pirate by the Spanish.Full Answer >
During World War II, the United States used a variety of bomber planes for air combat, tactical bombing raids and ground support. These bombers included the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, the Boeing B-29 Superfortress and the Douglas A-26 Invader. Additional bombers included the Boeing B-25 Mitchell, which made bombing runs on Tokyo at the command of James Doolittle, and the TBF Avenger, the most successful torpedo bomber used by the Americans during the war.Full Answer >
Under federal law and according to the law in many states, law enforcement officials are permitted to keep drug money seized during raids to supplement their departments' revenues. When multiple departments work together on a raid, each is awarded a percentage of the money seized. This applies to the FBI as well as state, county and city police.Full Answer >
Life during WWI was characterized by the inescapability of the conflict; soldiers faced imminent danger and unhealthy trench conditions, while civilians dealt with rationing, evacuations and air raids. During this time, entire nations pulled together to support their respective war efforts. In addition, the war brought many opportunities for women, who stepped in to fill the social and economic roles of the men deployed to combat.Full Answer >