Who Were Some Native American Chiefs?

Who Were Some Native American Chiefs?

Famous Native American chiefs include Benito Juarez of the Zapoteca, Tecumseh of the Shawnee, Sitting Bull of the Shawnee, Osceola of the Seminoles and King Phillip of the Wampanoag. Each of these was noted for his bravery, devotion to his people and for his statesmanship.

Benito Juarez, who lived from 1806 to 1872, was the leader of the Zapoteca, an aboriginal North American tribe in Mexico. He distinguished himself as a lawyer who defended the rights of Native Americans and served five terms as president of Mexico.

Tecumseh lived from 1768 to1813 and led the Shawnee from an early age when he developed a hatred for the white man after witnessing a brutal attack. He tried to form a confederation of tribes to prevent further encroachment of the whites into Indian territory but was killed during the War of 1812.

Sitting Bull, who lived from 1831 to 1890, became leader of the Shawnee and organized the uprising of the Cheyenne, Sioux and Arapaho tribes that culminated in the Battle of Little Big Horn. Despite his bravery and devotion to his cause, he eventually surrendered to U.S. troops and was killed in captivity.

Osceola lived from 1804 to 1838, led the Seminole nation at the height of its power. He successfully resisted U.S. troops for over two years before his eventual capture.

King Phillip, aka Metacomet,(1639–1676) led the Wampanoag and mounted a fierce rebellion against the British Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major conflict on the North American continent since the Pilgrims settled there.