President James Madison’s siblings include General William Taylor Madison; Captain William Ambrose Madison, Sr.; Eleanor "Nellie" Conway Hite (Madison); Frances "Fanny" Rose (Madison); Mollie Davis; Francis Taylor Madison; Robert Cole Madison; Sarah Catlett Madison; Elizabeth Madison; Catlett Madison; Reuben Madison; and John Madison. Two of his siblings died while infants.
President Madison was born James Madison, Jr., as the first-born child of James Madison, Sr., and Nelly Conway Madison. James spent his early childhood at Montpelier, his family estate in Virginia. At the age of 12, he went to Donald Robertson’s school, where he learned Latin and Greek and studied arithmetic and geography. He earned his bachelor’s degree at the College of New Jersey.