According to The Columbia Encyclopedia, the 16th century saw the widespread persecution of the Moors in Spain, followed by a Moorish revolt and extermination of the Moors during the Inquisition. The Moors had largely lost the power they had in Europe by 1492. By 1609, any remaining Moors were expelled.
The Moors who remained in Europe after 1492 were either called Mudejares or Moriscos. The Mudejares remained Muslim, while the Moriscos converted to Christianity. The Columbia Encyclopedia notes that the Moors made tremendous contributions to Spain and Western Europe before being expelled. The contributions were especially notable in the areas of education, medicine, science, art and architecture.