Who Were Some of the Members of the Roosevelt Coalition?

Some of the groups that were part of the Roosevelt Coalition, which helped United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt win a landslide victory in 1936, were African Americans, immigrants, non-Protestants, organized labor and the block of Southern voters who were known as "the Solid South." The voter support from this rather varied assemblage of groups, which was also known as the New Deal Coalition, enabled the incumbent President to win all states except two and garner more than 60 percent of the vote in his 1936 reelection. The most significant increase in U.S. demographics in the years leading up to the election was from the influx of immigrants from Eastern Europe, Italy and Ireland, and they represented a group whose support Roosevelt had gained.

Because of his support during his first term for the Wagner Act, or National Labor Relations Act of 1935, President Roosevelt won the dedication of labor unions and gained a significant block of voters. He also earned the support of African-Americans, despite their traditional dedication, up until then, to the Republican Party, which was the party of Abraham Lincoln. The Roosevelt Coalition included widely varying groups such as Catholics, Jews, intellectuals, big city political machines and small farmers.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, or FDR, won four presidential terms and served as the 32nd U.S. President from March, 1933 until April, 1945 when he died in office of a cerebral hemorrhage. Roosevelt's policies dominated American politics, for several decades after his death. He has been rated repeatedly by historians among the top three U.S. Presidents.