Martin Luther King Jr.'s formation of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, his receipt of the Nobel Peace Prize and his tireless work towards desegregation are widely considered to be his greatest achievements. The SCLC was founded in 1957 with the goal of achieving civil rights and fighting segregation. King was an influential pioneer of the civil rights movement in the U.S. and was the youngest person to ever win a Nobel Peace Prize, which he was awarded in 1964 at the age of 35.Continue Reading
King was admitted to Morehouse College at the young age of just 15. He graduated 4 years later and entered the Crozer Theological Seminary. In 1948, he was ordained a Baptist minister at just 19 years of age.
In 1955, he attained his doctorate degree from Boston University and was elected to the office of president of the Montgomery Improvement Association, where he became the spokesman for the Montgomery bus boycott.
King was jailed several times during his life for protesting against unfair practices, including segregation. More than 125,000 people participated in the Freedom Walk in Washington, D.C. in 1963 with King at its helm. It was during this march that the speech for which King would become famous was given, now famously known as the "I Have a Dream" speech. King made the cover of "Time" magazine in 1964 when he was named Man of the Year, and he attended the signing of the Civil Rights Act that same year at the White House.Learn more about US History