Some of the major accomplishments of the Incas included their inventions, such as the flute, drum and Inca calendar. Culturally, Incas were also adept in creating pottery and cloth, and politically they are known for integrating imperial policies with ethnic diversity, which was way ahead of its time.Continue Reading
Other inventions that the Inca people are known for include the building of aqueducts, the creation of freeze-dried foods and the invention of the quipus. A quipus was an item that had different colored strings knotted to a main string. The color differences and length differences between the knots told a story, similar to reading a book. In order to read the quipus to others, one had to be a specially trained quipus reader.
The Inca calendar is not as famous as the Mayan calendar, but it was important to the Incas nonetheless. It was known as a Tower, and the Incas were very concerned with time due to religious reasons. Incas also used a stone calculator they had created, in order to perform math functions, and studied astronomy and the stars. Agriculturally, Incas were very successful, which was due in part to their fascination with astronomy. Some of their architecture was constructed with the sun in mind so that they would know when to plant crops.Learn more about Ancient America
Differences between the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas include their location and language system. The Aztecs lived in what is now central Mexico, while the Mayas lived in southern Mexico and the Inca civilization was focused around Chile and Peru. Both the Aztecs and the Mayans developed a writing system for their language, while the Incas did not.Full Answer >
Diet for the Incan people during the Incan civilization period between the 13th and 16th centuries was predominantly made up of roots and grains, such as potatoes, maize and oca, as well as meat from llamas, alpacas, guinea pigs and dried fish. For sauces and spices, the Incan people used an edible clay called pasa as well as chille peppers, which were an important ingredient in some Incan recipes.Full Answer >
The Incan Empire was conquered by the Spanish, led by Francisco Pizarro and his brothers, between 1532 and 1572. Though the Incas resisted, they were weakened by smallpox and civil war, which helped the Spanish defeat them and subsequently destroy much of their culture.Full Answer >
The Incas settled in the Andes Mountains and on the Pacific coast of South America. They settled the area between 13,000 and 10,000 BC.Full Answer >