The main causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime. The revolution was catalyzed by Russia's catastrophic participation in World War I, during which massive casualties and expenditures brought famine and unrest.Continue Reading
Although in theory Russian peasants in the early 20th century owned their own land, they were deeply in debt and barely surviving with antiquated, subsistence-level agricultural techniques and equipment. Many moved to the cities to find work in the burgeoning factories, but they were met with poor living conditions, low wages and no rights as workers. The Tsar, trying to govern a huge country alone, ignored the Duma, the Russian parliament, as well as the pleas of the peasants and the proletariat, choosing to crush their opposition rather than consider their grievances. This left the poor open to the propaganda of the Bolsheviks and other dissidents who encouraged revolution against the Tsarist regime.
At first World War I inspired patriotism, but it soon became apparent that the Russian army was hopelessly ill-equipped and poorly led, as it began to suffer heavy losses and major defeats. The Tsar had alienated himself from the officers, and desertions became commonplace. When the revolution began, the Tsar called upon the army to restore order, but many of the troops mutinied and joined the demonstrators.Learn more about Industrial Revolution
The causes of the 1917 Russian Revolution were the long-term effects of poverty, industrial revolution, ineffective rule and growing political unrest. As a result, World War I became the catalyst that sparked the revolt.Full Answer >
The technological advances of the Industrial Revolution caused an increased need for raw materials that encouraged the rise of European imperialism. The colonies also provided captive markets for manufactured goods.Full Answer >
The Industrial Revolution involved rural, lower working class of both Europe and United States of America. The movement was initiated with the invention of machines, allowing for the manufacturing of goods in large quantities never seen before.Full Answer >
The industrial revolution in Britain affected society, politics and the economy by increasing work output, creating the working class, dividing classes, having women began working, creating area specialization, seeing politics shift to appeal to working class men as they were now the majority of the people and current workers being unable to strike for fear of being replaced by immigrant workers. The population increased dramatically during the industrial revolution as well so cities and infrastructure grew rapidly.Full Answer >