The last five U.S. presidents were Donald Trump, Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and George H.W. Bush. With the exception of George H.W. Bush and Donald Trump, each president served two terms in office.
Vice president during the Reagan administration, George H.W. Bush took office in 1989. Bush's one-term presidency was defined by the fall of communism and the Gulf War. A faltering economy and rising urban violence led to Bush's defeat by Bill Clinton in 1992. Entering office in 1993, Clinton presided over a period of prosperity and relative stability in American history. His two-term presidency was characterized by high employment and decreasing crime rates. In spite of his successes, Clinton's administration was marred by accusations of improper conduct with a White House intern. George W. Bush entered office in 2001, and the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001 cast a long shadow over his presidency. Bush presided over wars in both Afghanistan and Iraq as well as increases in government surveillance designed to combat terrorism. Barack Obama's historic role as the first black American president commenced in 2009. His two-term presidency was marked by progressive achievements, including a widely expanded public health-care system. Donald Trump assumed office in 2017.